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如何建造便宜、皮实经用的“难民房”

所在国家:
比利时 
用途:
  • 住宅
  • 学校
  • 医疗
结构:

案例详情:

【介绍】

经济实用的模块化房屋为难民提供一个更健康的未来

有记录显示,世界上大约有6千多万人依旧过着流离失所的生活,而且这些人的最终归宿都会是难民营,往往一住就是好几年。这是为什么比利时籍的设计公司DMOA创造了这个对环境友好、又经济适用的模块化难民房——Maggie Shelter,它不但能提高人们生活质量,还能满足临时安置房的需求。Maggie Shelter的建筑选材取自本地一些低成本的材料,而且如此坚固、节能的建筑仅需一天就能搭建完成,但它的寿命却是15年!时长是现今难民帐篷的5倍。

大多数国家对待难民的态度仅仅是让他们临时安置,这意味着数以百万的难民只能居住在帐篷内,无法得到足够的教育和医疗保障。这种艰苦的生存环境,会对人体健康造成长期深远的不利影响。因为大多数人都可以通过基础保护来预防病毒侵扰,针对这一情况,DMOA设计了Maggie Shelter,这个保温效果非常好的建筑,虽然外表像帐篷,但它所能提供的益处却堪比一栋楼房。

保温性能是Maggie Shelter的关键,它整体仅仅由一块简单的帆布包裹而成,屋顶镂空,内墙可以填充本地可用的各种材料——沙子、稻草、甚至是垃圾——用于保温、整体稳定和减少噪音。该建筑大小为长20米宽6米,至多能容纳60人,难民们可以按需升级、扩大房间,针对不同的用途做出调整,如学校和诊所。

就像我们从宜家购买产品一样,一个5、6人的小组就能轻松安装Maggie Shelter。在 Indiegogo 上,DMOA 为了将这个项目投产,目前已经募集到大约27万元人民币的资金,任何人都可以向他们伸出援助之手。


【原文】

Affordable modular Maggie Shelter offers refugees a healthier future

A record number of over 60 million people have been forcibly displaced from their homes worldwide, and those who end up in camps can find themselves stuck there for years. That’s why Belgian-based design firm DMOA created the Maggie Shelter, an eco-friendly, affordable, and modular shelter that offers improved living conditions while satisfying temporary settlement requirements. Built from local, low-cost materials, the sturdy and energy-efficient Maggie Shelter can be set up in just one day and is expected to last up to 15 years—five times longer than current tents.
Most countries only allow temporary settlements, which means millions of refugees live in tents and lack access to adequate schools and medical wards. Poor living conditions can lead to long-term detrimental effects on health, most of which are preventable through basic protection against the elements. In response, DMOA designed the Maggie Shelter, a well-insulated structure that looks like a tent but offers the benefits of a fixed building.

Insulation is key to the Maggie Shelter. The building comprises a simple canvas shell with a hollow roof and inner walls that can be filled with locally available materials—such as sand, straw, or even trash—for insulation, stability, and noise reduction. The basic module measures 20 meters by 6 meters and houses up to 60 people; refugees can upgrade and expand the buildings as needed and adapt them for different uses, such as schools and medical wards.

Likened to an IKEA kit, the Maggie Shelter can be easily built by a team of five or six people。 DMOA is currently seeking $41,000 in funds on Indiegogo to bring the shelter to production。 You can help donate to the cause here。 

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